When my daughter was still a little girl, we would move through long periods of calm, punctuated by cycles of comfort and struggle. It’s hard to say what set off the struggles. Some might say that Jessie was disobedient or that she disappointed me—by not trying hard in school, for instance, or refusing to do her chores. Then I’d criticize and she’d push back. Others might begin the sequence with “unnecessary” demands I’d make. No matter where the tiffs began, the cycles of misbehavior and correction, rejection and recrimination followed with dull and disheartening regularity.
At a certain point, I realized that something else was at work. Jessie didn’t seem to be growing up “exactly” as I wanted her to. Eventually, I understood that I was interpreting her actions in terms of being-as-I-prescribed—being me—or not being me. This is a very common form of parental narcissism that blots out the obvious: Often, she was just being herself.
When that realization dawned, I saw my daughter very differently, as a separate person, with a personality and trajectory of her own. Not that she was in charge of everything. I retained rules for her and I protected her, but I also grew curious: Who is this child of mine? This whole little person? Once my curiosity and respect were aroused, I grew less controlling, Jessie felt the freedom, and whatever fight we were having at the moment dissolved. Distance yielded once again to closeness and love—and a protection, not of who I wanted her to be but of who she was.
Psychologists might say that we both matured through a form of differentiation. For many years, I thought it was I who managed the process but I have come to think that Jessie and I did that together. Her stubborn refusal to be another me—I don’t think she yet knew who a distinctive her would be—was as crucial as my realization and backing off.
My journey with my son brought that point home. In adolescence, he wrenched himself free, touted his independence, insisted that he both knew what he was doing and, most tellingly, maintained that he was well. He wanted to be the person who judged him well or ill. We all know that 15-year-old boys don’t know everything—their brains aren’t fully formed, for god’s sake—and can’t be completely in charge of their lives. We set limits, maintained rules even when they became mutually understood fictions, hoping that they would somehow guide him in the present and eventually be internalized. But in a deep sense, Gabe may have been right. He would set the direction of his life, figure out what was important and how he wanted to be.
He has been utterly persistent in this belief. Franny and I eventually yielded to it. And, since I surely love and respect the outcome—he’s 39 now and, like Jessie, now 47, a person whom I love and respect—I have to believe that his ability to define himself has been a good thing.
I consider the recognition of my children as distinct and independent people as one of the most important achievements of my life.
But there is a second theme that runs through our relationship that is equally important and, at this point in my life, maybe more so. I have wanted to see the arc of their lives, who they are and who they are becoming over a long period of time. The differentiation continues through the years and I want to witness how my children keep evolving.
My father died at 50 when I was 26. We never really knew one another as adults, man to man. I was very much a work in progress and, while we were extremely close during my childhood and well into adolescence, we grew more distant after that. I suppose I’m not just talking about knowing one another in the sense of having a close relationship, though. I’m talking about being known, about feeling that an important person has born witness to my life, knows me as separate person—and affirms me.
To an extent, we internalize this feeling of being known. Most of us can say, “My father would have liked that, disapproved of this, laughed, if he were around, at that episode.” This sense of presence through the years is critical for our well being. My father gave this to me and, I hope, I have given it to my children.
But bearing witness to the lives of our children over a long period of time, as they move well into adulthood and parenthood, and through professional achievements of their own—that is something else, something more concrete, an experience for parents and children almost as important as all that internalized parenting that we provide.
My mother knew me as an adult, as I knew her. She died at 87, when I was 64. We talked regularly, shared at deep levels, laughed together, vented about political triumphs and disappointments, even shared some friends. This was one of the great pleasures in my life. Even the uncomfortable times: when she married again—without my “approval.” And when she attended a lecture I gave in Washington, DC, and she embarrassed me by proclaiming, amidst a number of people who had admired my talk, “I didn’t know you were funny.”
My mother witnessed the person I had become, not just my early promise and her own hopes. Often she resisted my successes because they somehow suggested that I had inherited more from her than she could acknowledge in herself. “Don’t get a fat head, Barry,” she would say. “You’re not that good.” By which she mostly meant that she wasn’t that good. We joked about this and I like to think that witnessing my life raised her own self-assessment at least a little. Most of all, we reached a point where we knew one another and, to the end of her life, could still discover things about one another. Our relationship was never entirely dulled by the ritual knowing that many relationships fall into. I believe that we continued to surprise one another.
Being known by her, being appreciated by her, have been invaluable to my sense of solidity in the world. But I’m a father and it’s my father’s inability to bear witness on my adult life that I’ve missed. And it’s my capacity to bear witness to my children’s life that means so much to me. To have what he could not have, to give this to myself and to my children. This is what I mean by seeing the arc of their lives.
I’m pretty sure my adult children know my love and respect—even though they no longer depend on it in concrete ways. They live their own, very full lives. Day to day, I am a footnote to their children, work, and even friends. Certainly the current version of me is a footnote, not nearly as strong as the historical version that lives within them. Nor, of course, do they figure as much into my day to day life. Often enough but not nearly as often as when they were children, they move me in that primitive, powerful way that our children touch the deepest corners of our hearts.
We are close, my children and I. We talk and laugh and share many values. This, along with my marriage, is life’s greatest gift to me. And my continuing ability to observe—and participate in—the arc of their lives continues to nourish me.
I’ve seen them, known them, for a long time, watched them move through stages in their own lives—childhood, youth, early adulthood, marriage, parenthood, professional development, owning their own homes, having and sustaining friendships. With each new stage, their story seems more and more distinctive. I’ve seen them struggle and I’ve seen them solve problems. Just like I did. Just like Franny and I did and do. In other words, I see them as I see myself and my friends. As whole people with complex lives of their own.
I watch them now with appreciation and curiosity, wondering what’s next. I watch their children, too, with so many years ahead of them. The span of years, hundreds of years, from my grandparents through to my grandchildren, amazes me. It is almost too many to contemplate. But I do and I will.